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陈述句习题

类型:按句子类型   时间:2021-01-01   访问57次  
什么是陈述句?
陈述句用来说明一个事实或表明说话人的看法; 陈述句的末尾用句号,朗读时一般用降调;陈述句分为肯定句和否定句式;陈述句用正常语序。
陈述句的肯定句式:
1.主语+系动词+表语
He is a teacher.他是一名老师。
2.主语+实义动词+其他
Lily dances well. 莉莉跳舞跳得很好。
3.主语+情态动词+动词原形+其他
Mary can speak Japanese.玛丽会说日语。
4.主语+助动词+动词原形+其他
They will go aboard next year. 他们明年要出国。
陈述句的否定句式
1.主语+be动词/情态动词+not+其他
These are not my pencils.这些不是我的铅笔。
She cannot play the piano well. 她钢琴弹得不好。
2.主语+do/does/did+not+动词原形+其他。
I don’t like singing.我不喜欢唱歌。
3.主语+助动词will+动词原形+其他。
I won’t go to work tomorrow. 我明天不去上班。
由肯定句变否定句的方法
1.找原句的动词
若动词是am, is, are, can, must, will等,直接在动词后加not做否定。
若动词是have, want, like等实义动词,要借助助动词don’t或doesn’t放在原句动词之前变否定句(原句动词为单三形式用doesn’t,其他形式用don’t).
2.原句其他单词位置不变
E.g. I am a teacher. ----I am not a teacher.
Mary likes apples.------Mary doesn’t like apples.
练习题(共25题)用时【00:00:00
【第1题】[单选题]—Where are my keys?—Sorry, _____.
A.I know B.I know not C.I don’t know D.I'm know
【第2题】[单选题]--- Mum, there's no milk in the fridge.一Oh; but there ____________ two bottles of apple juice in it.
A.are B.isn't C.aren't D.is
【第3题】[单选题]My father ________ free today. He can’t play with me.
A.has B.is C.doesn’t have D.isn’t
【第4题】[单选题]Mr. White __________ the blue trousers because __________his shirt well.
A.likes; they don't match B.doesn’t like; they don’t match C.likes; it matches D.doesn't like; it matches
【第5题】[单选题]—How about seeing the film Mission: Impossible-Fallout this evening?—I'm sorry I _______ free this evening. Let's make it next Monday.
A.was B.wasn't C.will be D.won't be
【第6题】[单选题]The teachers ________ on the blackboard with chalk in the future.
A.isn't writing B.didn't write C.don't write D.won't write
【第7题】[单选题]Don’t return the video to Peter, I _____ it.
A.don’t watch B.won’t watch C.haven’t watch D.wasn’t watching
【第8题】[单选题]I’m if there are UFOs.(飞碟)
A.sure not B.not sure C.not be sure D.sure that
【第9题】[单选题]Paul __________ go into the room. He __________ a key.
A.can / hasn’t B.can’t / hasn’t C.can / doesn’t have D.can’t / don’t have
【第10题】[单选题]I __________ news. They are boring.
A.can’t stand B.like C.love D.don’t mind
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