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陈述句习题

类型:按考点   时间:2021-01-01   访问181次  
什么是陈述句?
陈述句用来说明一个事实或表明说话人的看法; 陈述句的末尾用句号,朗读时一般用降调;陈述句分为肯定句和否定句式;陈述句用正常语序。
陈述句的肯定句式:
1.主语+系动词+表语
He is a teacher.他是一名老师。
2.主语+实义动词+其他
Lily dances well. 莉莉跳舞跳得很好。
3.主语+情态动词+动词原形+其他
Mary can speak Japanese.玛丽会说日语。
4.主语+助动词+动词原形+其他
They will go aboard next year. 他们明年要出国。
陈述句的否定句式
1.主语+be动词/情态动词+not+其他
These are not my pencils.这些不是我的铅笔。
She cannot play the piano well. 她钢琴弹得不好。
2.主语+do/does/did+not+动词原形+其他。
I don’t like singing.我不喜欢唱歌。
3.主语+助动词will+动词原形+其他。
I won’t go to work tomorrow. 我明天不去上班。
由肯定句变否定句的方法
1.找原句的动词
若动词是am, is, are, can, must, will等,直接在动词后加not做否定。
若动词是have, want, like等实义动词,要借助助动词don’t或doesn’t放在原句动词之前变否定句(原句动词为单三形式用doesn’t,其他形式用don’t).
2.原句其他单词位置不变
E.g. I am a teacher. ----I am not a teacher.
Mary likes apples.------Mary doesn’t like apples.
练习题(共25题)用时【00:00:00
单选题(25个题*1分)
第1题
—Where are my keys?—Sorry, _____.
A.I know B.I know not C.I don’t know D.I'm know
第2题
--- Mum, there's no milk in the fridge.一Oh; but there ____________ two bottles of apple juice in it.
A.are B.isn't C.aren't D.is
第3题
My father ________ free today. He can’t play with me.
A.has B.is C.doesn’t have D.isn’t
第4题
Mr. White __________ the blue trousers because __________his shirt well.
A.likes; they don't match B.doesn’t like; they don’t match C.likes; it matches D.doesn't like; it matches
第5题
—How about seeing the film Mission: Impossible-Fallout this evening?—I'm sorry I _______ free this evening. Let's make it next Monday.
A.was B.wasn't C.will be D.won't be
第6题
The teachers ________ on the blackboard with chalk in the future.
A.isn't writing B.didn't write C.don't write D.won't write
第7题
Don’t return the video to Peter, I _____ it.
A.don’t watch B.won’t watch C.haven’t watch D.wasn’t watching
第8题
I’m if there are UFOs.(飞碟)
A.sure not B.not sure C.not be sure D.sure that
第9题
Paul __________ go into the room. He __________ a key.
A.can / hasn’t B.can’t / hasn’t C.can / doesn’t have D.can’t / don’t have
第10题
I __________ news. They are boring.
A.can’t stand B.like C.love D.don’t mind
第11题
“ Do you like ice-cream? ” “ No, I don’t. I ______ to be fat. ”
A.want B.do want C.not want D.don’t want
第12题
Tom is in No.6 Middle School,but Alice_______.
A.is B.isn't C.does D.doesn't
第13题
There __________any homework tonight. Shall we go to see a film?
A.isn’t going to be B.isn’t going to have C.aren’t going to have D.aren’t going to be
第14题
Which of the following sentences is correct?
A.He came in and sat down. B.We all like <Harry Potter>. C.When we met. He didn't say hello. D.We went out, headed for the bus stop.
第15题
—What’s this?—______
A.This’s a cat. B.This is a cat. C.Its a cat. D.It’s a cat.
第16题
Dave , we will leave in 10 minutes . Are you ready? No , I our guide book and towels yet .
A.don’t pack B.didn’t pack C.have packed D.haven’t packed
第17题
—Tom! I looked for you everywhere at the party last night.—Oh, I _______ to the party.
A.was invited B.am not invited C.wasn’t invited D.am invited
第18题
Which of the following sentences is correct?
A.I will call you. As soon as I arrive in Beijing. B.Jenny said: “I enjoyed dancing to light music.” C.Norman Bethune is one of the most famous heroes in China. D.Although she was tired, but Tina still helped me finish the task.
第19题
Jim and I know her last name.
A.am not B.isn’t C.aren’t D.don’t
第20题
I______ Jack ______ go to the cinema with you tonight. He always watches films with me.
A.think; won't B.don't think; is C.don't think; will D.think; isn't going to
第21题
—Would you mind _________ in the dining hall?— Of course not.
A.Not to smoke B.not smoking C.smoke D.not smoke
第22题
Which following sentences is the Opinion?
A.There are 7 books in the series of the story. B.Harry Potter series has been translated into about 70 languages. C.J.K. Rowling got the idea of the story on the train trip to London. D.J.K. Rowling is one of the greatest writers in the world.
第23题
Which of the following sentences(句子)is correct(正确的)?
A.It’s very hot in August in most parts of China. B.He always go to work by bus last year. C.Tomorrow is Mary’s 13 birthday. D.Tom would like visit some places of interest in Henan.
第24题
—Daniel, why are you late again? The movie _______ 15 minutes ago!—Sorry, I _____ to. I was trapped (困住) in the subway.
A.starts; mean B.started; meant C.started; didn’t mean D.starts; don’t mean
第25题
She ___________ clean the classroom today.
A.isn’t have to B.don’t have to C.doesn’t have to D.have to
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